2021年4月14日 4 14, 2021 EVENT REPORT TALK workshops

EVENT REPORT: Critical Thinking in Political Theory: Addressing Incommensurability

Japanese below
 
Title: Critical Thinking in Political Theory: Addressing Incommensurability
Date: April 14th, 18:00-19:45

Access the recording of the event here
 
Abstract:
The literature on teaching and learning in the normative sciences emphasises critical thinking as a key learning outcome. However, in political theory, it has not addressed incommensurability between the different approaches within the discipline and the significance this has for critical thinking. This workshop builds on a module at the National University of Ireland, Galway: I deliver the first half, devoted to the analytical (mainly Anglo-Saxon) tradition; my colleague delivers the second half, focusing on the continental (primarily German and French) tradition. Their incommensurability is evident in the lack of a neutral way to characterize both their subject matter and how they conceptualise rationality. If critical thinking involves awareness of
and regulation of thinking, it becomes a challenge when students are asked to navigate between two incommensurable understandings of the skills and attitudes this requires. On occasion, incommensurability has undermined student attainment, especially when students approach work in one tradition by employing the conception of critical thinking appropriate to the other.
To address this challenge, we are revising the module, making the capacity to critically evaluate each tradition itself a key learning outcome. Our aim is not to overcome incommensurability, but rather to make students aware and encourage their critical analysis of the two traditions.

Program Schedule:
• Teaching and Learning at NUI Galway (15mins)
• Political theory, critical thinking, and
incommensurability (15mins)
• Break-out session: critical thinking exercise (15mins; optional)
• Incommensurability in the humanities and social
sciences: constructivism (15mins)
• Incommensurability in political theory (analytical and
continental traditions) (15mins)
• Discussion of module revision (10mins)
• Q& A (15mins)

Speaker: Allyn Fives is a lecturer in political theory at the National University of Ireland, Galway. He specialises in moral and political philosophy, with a particular interest in moral conflict, pluralism, political realism, and issues of power including parental power and the rights and liberties of children. He was Chair of the University’s Research Ethics Committee (2013- 2017) and is Director of the MA in Politics and Sociology.

Format: Zoom workshop (link will be sent to all registered participants the day before the workshop)
 
Contact information: global.fd@adm.c.u-tokyo.ac.jp

abm00024309

 政治理論における批判的思考:共約不可能性への対応
 
 
社会科学や人文科学の分野における教育と学習に関する文献では、批判的思考が重 要な学習成果であることが強調されています。しかし、政治理論では、学問分野内 の異なるアプローチの間の共約不可能性の問題と、それが批判的思考にとって重要
であるということは扱われていません。このワークショップは、私がアイルランド国立大学ゴールウェイ校でモジュールを共同で提供した経験を基にしています。私は前半で政治理論における分析的(主にアングロサクソン系)な伝統を扱い。後半は私の同僚が担当し、大陸(主にドイツとフランス)の伝統に焦点を当てました。この2つの伝統は、それぞれの主題や合理性の概念化の方法を特徴づける中立的な方法が存在しないため、両立させることができません。批判的思考には、思考の自覚と規
制が必要です。そのために必要なスキルや態度について、2つの相容れない理解の間を行き来することを学生に求められるのは困難です。つまり、学生が一方の伝統に基づいた仕事に取り組む際に、もう一方の伝統に適した批判的思考の概念を採用した場合、通約不可能性が学生の達成度を損なうことがありました。この問題に対処するため、私たちはこのモジュールを改訂し、それぞれの伝統を批判的に評価する能力自体を重要な学習成果とすることにしました。私たちの目的は、通約不可能性を克服することではなく、学生に2つの伝統を認識させ、その批判的分析を促すことです。

プログラム:
• NUIゴールウェイでの教育と学習(15分)
• 政治理論、批判的思考、共約不可能性(15分)
 
• ブレイクアウトセッション:批判的思考の演習
(同時通訳なし 15分)
• 人文・社会科学における共約不可能性:構成主
義(15分)
• 政治理論(分析的・大陸的伝統)における共約
不可能性(15分)
• モジュールの改訂についての議論(10分)
• 質疑応答(15分)
 
Speaker:
Allyn Fivesさん は、アイルランド国立大学ゴールウェイ校の政治理論の講師で あります。道徳・政治哲学を専門とし、特に道徳的葛藤、多元主義、政治的リアリズム、親の権力や子どもの権利・自由を含む権力の問題に関心があります。同大学の研究倫理委員会の委員長(2013年~2017年)、政治・社会学修士課程のディレクターを勤めています。

ご関心のある方は下記参加申込みフォームより申込みをお願いいたします。
 
 
<<<<<以下、当日のプログラムです>>>>>
日時:2021年4月14日(月)18時~19時45分(JST)
場所:オンライン開催(ZOOM)
※イベントは英語で行われますが、日本語への同時通訳を行う予定です
○問合せ先
Global Faculty Development Program事務局
global.fd@adm.c.u-tokyo.ac.jp

abm00024308


Global Faculty Development Workshop: ‘Critical Thinking in Political Theory: Addressing Incommensurability’ with Dr. Allyn Fives

Access the recording of the event here

Report by Cecilia Grandi-Nagashiro

On April 14, 2021, GFD had the pleasure of hosting a seminar on critical thinking by Dr. Allyn Fives who is a lecturer in political theory at the National University of Ireland, Galway.

 

Dr. Allyn started his talk by explaining how faculty is developed in Galway University, in which the objective of their faculty preparation course is to encourage deep learning beyond strategic learning, along with reinforcing the idea of constructive alignment. He then talked about his learnings while teaching, in this context he highlighted three main things he has learned over the years, the role of knowing students, addressing expectations, and the value of introducing interactive activities in his teaching. 


He then talked about his area of expertise, political theory, and how in this field, there are two main ways to approach issues, political and philosophical. These two main ways are expected students to master when learning about political theory. In this context, he highlighted the learning outcomes of his course: demonstrate critical thinking, identify concepts and questions, and analysis of practical problems. The core of all these three requirements is critical thinking which he defined as meta-cognitive awareness, i.e. thinking about thinking. Then, he mentioned that when teaching critical thinking, his main request to students is for them to be in control of the way they think. The pedagogy of this is to promote and encourage proper critical thinking. Moreover, as part of the course activities, he encouraged his students to interpret chapters of books, and the other one is to apply critical thinking to normative judgment. For example, about justice and political power.  


In his experience, he learned that introducing critical thinking in a systematic way was crucial for the success of his course. The systematic approach he has been applying in his teaching has three main parts, first to understand the difference between knowledge and belief, second to know how to analyze the strength of an argument, and third, to apply these two skills to analyze an argument. To illustrate his previous points he introduced an activity where participants were asked to discuss two claims and explain why they thought these were right or wrong. Then participants discussed for 5 minutes and shared their outcomes.

 

He used the outcome of this exercise to introduce the issue of incommensurability, which commonly emerges when teaching critical thinking. In the classroom, regarding incommensurability, we assume that there can be different kinds of truths but these cannot be considered knowledge. The second assumption has to do with the co-construction of knowledge and how learning is impacted by it. He then introduced another quick exercise to show how we deal with incommensurability and reconcile seemingly opposing views.  

Subsequently, he talked about his experience of teaching incommensurability in political thinking with a colleague and how their findings will be soon published. Here, he highlighted some of his findings while collaborating in this topic, which was the birth of the concept of epistemic toleration while trying to reconcile incommensurability between ideas. Which, he then applied in his course by asking the students to use this perspective to engage in discussions about different ideas. Finally, he mentioned that at the moment his colleague and him are aiming at new learning outcomes based on asking students to find different approaches to critical thinking. Likewise, to close his talk, he mentioned that he hopes his research on multiple revisions of his course can become a useful learning resource for the students in the future.

 

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